HKU Bulletin November 2023 (Vol. 25 No. 1)

The HKU Bulletin reports on activities, events and research initiated by members of the University. It aims to keep the local and international communities informed of new breakthroughs and achievements in all of our faculties and disciplines. Contribution and Feedback With special thanks to staff and students who kindly contributed their time and their photographs to the HKU Bulletin. We welcome contributions of content for publication. Items should include the author’s name and University contact details. Please direct contributions, comments or suggestions to the Communications and Public Affairs Office at for consideration. Editorial Team Chief Editor: Terence Leung Managing Editor: Jack Ng Editors: Kelvin Au, Sendy Leung, Yu Nga-wing Writers: Kathy Griffin, Teri Fitsell Cover Art: Siu Loy Design and Production: one ZEBRA Limited Care for the Environment While our publication is printed on environmentally friendly paper, we urge you to share your copy with friends and colleagues to help reduce our carbon footprint. Alternatively, you may like to read the HKU Bulletin online at If you would like to opt-out of receiving a printed copy and subscribe to the electronic version of publications from the Communications and Public Affairs Office, please visit