To combat corruption, good laws and good organisation are essential, but I put my trust principally in the services of sound men. We have therefore decided, on the advice of the Executive Council, to set up a separate Anti-Corruption Commission under a civilian Commissioner. Lord Crawford Murray Maclehose of Beoch will be remembered for a long time for creating the ICAC in 1973 at a critical time when Hong Kong's integrity was challenged. His ability to be incisive in making decisions, his openness in seeking counsel and his sensitivity to the needs of the ordinary people are the trade marks of Murray Maclehose, the longest serving governor of Hong Kong. Born in 1917 and educated at Rugby and Balliol College, Oxford, Murray Maclehose joined the diplomatic service in 1947. After distinguished postings in Asia and Europe, he was appointed Governor of Hong Kong in 1971.
The birth of one of Asia's four dragons owes a great deal to Murray Maclehose, for he had the foresight to introduce improved social services for the common people as the territory strove to claim its rightful place as a newly industrialised 'country' in Asia. The ten year strategy in housing might have set for itself too high a goal, but it did result in improved living conditions for the ordinary people. Hong Kong is a living example of how a capitalist society can reinvest in its people. Through carefully nurtured planning, both health care and education became affordable and reasonably efficient, providing vital support for a workforce which adapted well to a changing economy. Similarly, the building of new towns like Tuen Mun, Shatin and Taipo constituted the infrastructure on which industrialised Hong Kong functioned well.
At a time when the 1995 election is the focal point, one wonders about the budding of democracy in the 1970s. Maclehose initiative culminated in the establishment of the District Advisory Board in 1977 through which political bodies began to rally grass-roots support. Universal suffrage was introduced to Hong Kong in 1982 as a result of his efforts.
It was the need to respond to change across the border that led to the Governor's visit to Beijing in 1979. Possible misunderstanding of intricate diplomatic signalling by politicians aside, Sir Murray must have felt the urgency to discuss the 1997 issue with our northern neighbour. An open-door China led by an enlightened though elderly leader seemed like a god sent opportunity for negotiations to begin. The Maclehose era also witnessed the enrichment of cultural activities and improvement of the environment. The creation of the Arts Festival, the establishment of the Arts Centre and the Academy of Performing Arts and the systematic development of country parks have added meaning to culture and leisure. All in all, the transformation of Hong Kong into a dynamic economic entity and a leading international business centre happened during the Maclehose years, upon which the foundation for the territory's continuing stability and prosperity was built.
On retirement from Hong Kong in 1982, Lord Maclehose continued to speak for Hong Kong in the House of Lords, notably on the Hong Kong Bill in 1985 ratifying the Sino-British Joint Declaration and on the British Nationality (Hong Kong) Bill in 1990 which granted the right of abode to many Hong Kong families.
Mr. Chancellor, we welcome back today a compassionate Hong Kong belonger who has championedthe cause of the territory so well. For a job well done, the University wishes to acknowledge his achievement. I therefore present to you, the Right Honourable LordCrawford Murray Maclehose of Beoch, for the award of the Degree of Doctor of Laws, Honoris Causa.
Citation written and delivered by Professor Lee Ngok, the Public Orator.